2 November 2010, Fedora 14 was officially released. It is now available for download.
This is a simple walk through on how to install Fedora® 13.
I presume that you already have Windows installed on your system. This is not intended for laptops. If you find that this procedure works for your laptop, great. Laptops have a wide variety of wireless devices that can be difficult to configure and are beyond the scope of this walk through.
1) First determine whether you would prefer the 32 bit or 64 bit version. If you are uncertain, select the 32 bit version. If your system is less than 2 years old, you could install the 64 bit version for added performance. If your system does not have an AMD or Intel Core 2 Duo or newer processor, use the 32 bit version.
2) Download the .iso file for the installation:
3) Once you have downloaded the .iso file you will need to burn the .iso to a DVD.
You can not use a CD burner for this. You must have a DVD burner, and a DVD burner program, such as Nero, Roxio Easy CD and DVD creator, or Nero Lite.
4) Next you need to boot your system using the DVD you created in step 3. Most systems allow you to press F8 (some use F2 and some systems require changing the default boot devices in the BIOS) during boot for the boot menu options. Then select your DVD drive from the menu. Next you will be prompted to either check the DVD for errors or skip forward to begin installation. It is always a good idea to check the media of the DVD the first time you use it. This will verify the DVD was burned correctly and has the necessary files for the installation. If the DVD integrity check fails toss it in the trash. Repeat step 3.
5) After you have verified the DVD successfully, you will be prompted for the language you prefer, a root password and your time zone selections. If you are planning to dual boot between Windows and Fedora, be sure to deselect the system uses NTC time box.
6) Next up you will be presented with a choice of which drive types. Standard is the default choice. Next a menu will offer various partitioning schemes. I always choose CUSTOM. Then the partitioning menu will be presented. A standard SATA or IDE drive can have 4 primary partitions maximum. Your system may have 2 partitions already. One for Windows and one for a recovery partition. DO NOT modify the recovery partition. Select the custom layout and then re-size your OS partition to a smaller size. This is done to create the room for a new partition for the Fedora installation. I use EXT4 to format the new partition and create a separate swap file partition. Fedora requires a lot less hard drive space than Windows does.
I create a Fedora EXT4 partition between 20G- 100G. Your swap partition needs to be roughly the size of the amount of ram of your computer. When in doubt make the swap partition 8G. There is very limited value in making a swap partition larger than 8G unless you have 16G of RAM. A typical Fedora 13 installation will only occupy about 4-8G of hard drive space.
7) After you have set up your partitions, you will be prompted for the installation type. If you accept the defaults, gnome will be installed as your desktop manager. I prefer KDE as my desktop manager. I often leave gnome installed in case KDE has a problem.
8) The installation should begin and may take approximately 45 minutes. You will not be prompted again, until the installation is complete.
9) Once the install is done there will be a reboot now button. Press it.
10) When your system reboots after the installation, you will boot directly to Fedora the first time and be prompted to create a user name and password and select your time zone and send system hardware data to Fedora. After you reboot again, you should see a prompt saying booting to, then either Fedora or Other or Windows. You can press the up and down arrows at that point to select which Operating system to boot into.
Congratulations you now have a system that will dual boot Windows and Fedora.
Most software is released before it is ready for prime time. If you have used computers for any length of time you may have encountered some of the issues as a result. An icon that is a question mark. The blue screen of WindowsME® at a trade show. The sluggish reboot. And so on.
Many seasoned network administrators wait a considerable time to embrace new versions of operating systems.
When implementing Microsoft® server software, I often recommend waiting for the first service pack.
Cost and time issues typically prevent a thorough and complete error free build on release day. Fedora® 13 still had several issues on release day. As a result of the latest updates I find that I have only one minor issue with Fedora 13 x64 at this time. The issue only effects Intel® Core i3, i5, and i7 based processors. This issue is a minor nag error message at boot time that does not have any actual impact on system stability or performance. It is merely an annoyance. The error is:
alg: hash: Failed to load transform for ghash-clmulni
All of the applications and daemons that I use on my workstations and servers are behaving well. The performance of the current kernel is fast and stable. If you have been waiting to try Fedora, this may be a good time to take the plunge.
For those who have been anxiously awaiting the release of Ubuntu 10.04, the wait is over. Ubuntu 10.04 is available now.
10.04 is a LTS release. This means that the workstation version will have 3 years of support and updates and the server version will have 5 years of support and updates available.
The interface is clean and neat. The installation is fast and smooth. I installed Kubuntu 10.04 last night. I was pleasantly surprised.
Some of the new features include Grub 1.98, plasma support, removal of HAL, and so on. If you like Ubuntu, you will love 10.04.
Personally I always have a feeling of missing half of the things I need when I use Ubuntu. I miss su, Administration controls, and various little things that are readily available with Fedora builds.
I still test most of the major versions of Linux when they release. Some releases are ready, some feel rushed. some are just not ready. 10.04 Lynx feels like it is ready. 10.04 is a Long Term Support version. This means updates will be available for a minimum of three years for the operating system.
For my new workstation, I installed the 64 bit version of Windows 7 Enterprise edition.
Install from start to first log in took 15 minutes.
System reboot from pressing shutdown to seeing the clock on the desktop 34 seconds!
The install is currently occupying 12.6G of hard drive space on my Intel X25-M SSD. That includes all of the latest Windows updates and: Adobe reader and Flash, Amaya, Firefox, OpenOffice.org 3.1.1, Sun JRE and Windows Live Essentials.
I am reasonably impressed by the performance of Windows 7 Enterprise edition on the new workstation. If you must use a Windows operating system, Windows 7 is a pretty decent choice. Be sure to purchase the 64bit version of Windows 7 Professional.
They seem to have MAJOR compatibility issues. I have attempted to use WebDAV to connect with OfficeLive web servers. Using Windows XP Pro x64 with the latest service pack and Windows updates installed, I have had no success. Windows XP Pro x64 is the fastest Microsoft operating system available. This taints my love of Windows XP Pro x64.
Just a reminder that the Windows 7 technical review release ends in two weeks. Time to weigh the alternatives. I planned to re-install Windows Vista Ultimate 64 bit. On doing so today I found that the OS takes up 30G of hard drive real estate after you apply all of the latest updates. This is not an acceptable solution on the 37G partition of my SSD that was occupied by Windows 7 Ultimate(approximately 9G). I installed XP Pro 64bit. Takes a scant 9.22G of space with all the software I typically use installed and the latest updates applied. It boots in less than 20 seconds too!
There are several files available from the following server for the fix related to “Slow” kickoff application launcher response.
After installing the necessary files, my symptoms with this issue abated. This was not an issue when using the default nouveau driver. I am using the nvidia driver via the methods suggested by leigh123linux at the Fedora Forums.
The nouveau driver does not provide glx direct rendering support. The nvidia driver does.
After the latest versions were installed and I rebooted my screen response became exceptionally quick.
Some people that try to explain 64 bit performance will simply say “64 bit is faster”. That is incorrect. Though the actual results may make that appear to be accurate.
Think of your computer as a multi lane highway. The I/O path (Processor, System bus and RAM) limit the number of lanes (32 or 64bit) of traffic. The bits are represented by cars. The objective is to get the most cars moving at the same time.
All new processors, Intel or AMD, sold as new today are 64 bit capable. All new memory is 64 bit capable also. Most new motherboards are 64 bit capable as well.
Using a 64 bit operating system does not increase the speed limit of the highway, it increases the lanes from 32 to 64. The Ghz rating of your Processor is the speed limit of the highway.
The hard drive is like a Long Term Parking lot. Cars can NOT move fast in the long term parking lot, but they can be stored efficiently there.
The RAM is like an On ramp and Off ramp that offers 64 lanes on and off of the highway.
Now 64 cars (bits of information) can be moved at once.
If you are only using one application to do a small amount of work, the lanes will not get congested with 32 bit. When you attempt to run several applications like Firefox and Photoshop and Adobe Acrobat all at the same time the 32 lane highway becomes congested and everything goes slower than the posted speed limit. On a 64 bit operating system this is less likely to happen, it also happens less often. The number of lanes prevents the traffic jam from building up in the first place.
Ultimately more data is moved at the same time resulting in better performance, when more lanes are in use. I will post part two about multiple cores and symmetric multi processing soon.
An interesting note: Adobe Photoshop was originally created by Adobe on and for MacIntosh computers. Adobe has released a 64 bit version of Photoshop for 64 bit versions of Windows but has not released a 64 bit version for 64 bit Mac OS.